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Bipolar Disorder – Symptoms, Causes and Care
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Bipolar Disorder – Symptoms, Causes and Care

Bipolar Disorder is part of the Mental Disorders and is characterized by a continuous alternation of periods with Depressive Symptoms and Times with Maniac Symptoms.

Bipolar Disorder is also called Maniac Depressive. It causes serious alterations in mood, emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. Those who suffer from it swing between emotions of exaltation in some periods and total despair in others.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Those suffering from bipolar disorder may have both hypomanic, mixed and depressive episodes, and manic episodes. But also manic, depressive and mixed episodes.

Symptomatology is characterized by rapid and sudden change from one stage to the other, where there is an increase or decrease in sleep, isolation or disinhibited search of contact with others, low or excessive loquacity, weeping without reason or hilarity, psychomotor slowdown or troublesome activity research.

During the Maniac Phases, the person may have excessive disinhibition and socially inappropriate behavior.

Feels particularly euphoric, with the feeling of having tremendous personal potential, everything seems possible and feasible, so much so that it often does impulsive actions, even dangerous for itself or for others.

The thoughts are very fast and also the eloquence.

People suffering from Bipolar Disorder alternate between phases of shyness and confidentiality and phases of total exaltation and disinhibition.

Mood swings usually occur suddenly and are of short duration.

The Maniac Phase

During the manic phase, there is excessive excitement and the person may have excessive disinhibition, with socially inappropriate behaviors. The mood is particularly euphoric and there is a tendency to megalomania and omnipotence. Limits are lost and everything seems possible and feasible, so that impulsive actions are often carried out, even dangerous for themselves or for others.

It is paramount the feeling of having enormous personal potentials so much that it can result in the delirium of omnipotence.

On the other hand, the actions taken are not completed and projects are permanently suspended.

It strikes the great energy and the lack of need to eat and sleep.

Behavior also becomes disorganized and each activity is left in half to pass immediately to another without completing anything.

The speed of thoughts is a primary characteristic, as is the speed of speech. Sexual desire can also be increased, becoming an urgent and irrepressible necessity.

In other cases, the manic phase is characterized by disfellowliness and feelings of injustice and suffered harm. Strong irritability and anger escalate.

It can accompany delirium of persecution and aggressive behavior, with little ability to assess the consequences of their actions.

The Depressive Phase

The depressive phase usually follows the maniacal one and represents the opposite. The mood is depressed and the meaning of life is lost. Sleep and appetite may increase or decrease. There is great fatigue and difficulty in concentration.

At this stage of deep depression, serious self-inflicted acts may appear. The depressive phases are long, persistent, and more frequent in life.

The Mixed Phase

This phase is characterized by the simultaneous presence of depressive and hypomanic symptoms. At this stage, the person often suffers from a pervasive anxiety and irritability.

The Bipolar Disorder is one of the most common mental disorders.

It affects three to five percent of adults in the world, affecting men, women and even children indistinctly.

For many people it is a condition for living for several years or even for a lifetime.

Sometimes it improves, sometimes it resumes even months or years after the onset.

Causes of bipolar disorder

The causes of Bipolar Disorder can be explained by bio-psycho-social patterns. There is a lot of contact with parents who suffer or have suffered from this disorder.

Other factors can play an important role, such as stressful life events or failures, alcohol and drug consumption, severe sleep irregularities, low quality of life, and psych pharmaceuticals.

How to cure bipolar disorder

In treating Bipolar Disorder, the goal is to stabilize mood.

This is why an appropriate combination of pharmacological treatment and psychotherapy is needed.

It may also be helpful for the family to help understand and manage the emotional impact the disorder can have on the life of the individual and his / her family. It is useful to acquire appropriate tools to deal with manic and depressive phenomena, learning to recognize them in advance so that they can deal effectively with them.

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